Being prepared for a dental emergency is no accident.  Knowing what to do can mean the difference between saving and losing a tooth.

The following are basic immediate treatments for some of the more common dental emergencies.
 

Toothache: Clean the area of the affected tooth thoroughly. Rinse the mouth thoroughly with warm water or use dental floss to dislodge any food that may be impacted. If the pain still exists, contact your child's dentist.  Do not place aspirin on the gum or on the aching tooth. If the face is swollen apply cold compresses and contact your dentist immediately.


Cut or Bitten Tongue, Lip or Cheek
: Apply ice to injured areas. If there is bleeding apply firm but gentle pressure with a gauze or cloth. If bleeding does not stop after 15 minutes or it cannot be controlled by simple pressure, call a doctor or visit the hospital emergency room.
 

Knocked Out Permanent Tooth: If possible, find the tooth. Handle it by the crown, not by the root. You may rinse the tooth but DO NOT clean or handle the tooth unnecessarily. Inspect the tooth for fractures. If it is sound, try to reinsert it in the socket. Have the patient hold the tooth in place by biting on a gauze. If you cannot reinsert the tooth, transport the tooth in a cup containing the patientís saliva or milk. If the patient is old enough, the tooth may also be carried in the patientís mouth. The patient must see a dentist IMMEDIATELY!  Time is a critical factor in saving the tooth.

Knocked Out Baby Tooth:  Contact your pediatric dentist during business hours.  This is not usually an emergency and in most cases no treatment is necessary.

Chipped or Fractured Tooth: Contact your pediatric dentist immediately. Quick action can save the tooth, prevent infection and reduce the need for extensive dental treatment. Rinse the mouth with water and apply cold compresses to reduce swelling. If possible, locate and save any broken tooth fragments and bring them with you to the dentist.

Severe Blow to the Head: Take your child to the nearest hospital emergency room immediately.

Possible Broken or Fractured Jaw: Keep the jaw from moving and take your child to the nearest hospital emergency room.

Click on one of the links below for a  brochure provided by the
American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

First Aid Dental Emergencies - ENGLISH
First Aid Dental Emergencies - SPANISH

 

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